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Glossary

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Angurya: Scraping of the vagina and surrounding tissues.

Clitoris: A small, erect body of the female genitalia, partially hidden by the labia. It is highly sensitive, and can be a source of sexual pleasure and female orgasm. It is homologous to the penis of the male.

Clitoridectomy: Removal of part or all of the clitoris.

Excision: Removal of the clitoral hood with or without removal of part or all of the clitoris.

Female Circumcision/Female Genital Cutting: See Female Genital Mutilation.

Female Genital Mutilation: Also known as female circumcision or female genital cutting. Partial or total removal of the female external genitalia.

Fistula: An abnormal opening between the vagina and the rectum, which can lead to incontinence (inability to retain urine and/or feces).

Genitalia: Reproductive organs of the body, for example: penis, clitoris

Gishiri: Cutting of the vagina and surrounding tissues.

Infibulation: Removal of part or all of the external genitalia (clitoris, labia minora, and labia majora) and stitching and/or narrowing of the vaginal opening, leaving a small hole for urine and menstrual flow.

Keloid: A raised, firm, thickened red scar that may grow for a prolonged period of time. It may follow trauma or surgical incision.

Labia majora and minora: The folds of tissue lying on either side of the vaginal opening and forming the borders of the vulva. The labia minora (smaller, inside folds) protect the clitoris.

Male circumcision: Removal of the foreskin or prepuce of the penis.

Mons pubis: The fatty tissue over the pubic bone.

Sunna: Removal of the part or all of the clitoris. Also means a customary procedure or action dictated by tradition.

Urethra: The canal for discharging urine from the bladder to the outside. In a female, it lies between the vagina and the clitoris. In a male it opens at the tip of the penis.

Vagina: The tube that forms the passage between the cervix/uterus and the vulva. It receives the penis during sexual intercourse and serves as the delivery passage for birth and for menstrual flow.

Vulva: The outside portion of the female genitalia, including the labia, clitoris, and vaginal opening.

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Overview and Lessons Learned Program Examples Bibliography Links
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