Please note: This archive was last updated in 2005.

RHO archives : Topics : Gender and Sexual Health

Gender and Sexual Health

"Gender inequality and discrimination harm girls' and women's health directly and indirectly, throughout the life cycle; and neglect of their health needs prevents many women from taking a full part in society."—UNFPA, State of the World Population 2000

Reproductive health programs are becoming increasingly aware of how cultural norms and social roles shape women's health. Limited access to resources and limited control over their own sexuality make women vulnerable to sexual exploitation, violence, unwanted pregnancies, and sexually transmitted infections.  Browse this section to learn how reproductive health programs can:

  • Address gender-based health problems, including violence against women, child abuse, trafficking, commercial sex, and mental illness.
  • Improve women's sexual health.
  • Offer gender-sensitive services.