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 Overview/Lessons Learned | Contraceptive Methods | Key Issues
Annotated Bibliography | Program Examples | Links | Presentations


Updated: 6/13/00

Listed below are useful web resources on contraceptive methods, their medical eligibility criteria, and family planning program considerations.

If you know of a resource to be included in this list, please send the URL (web address) and a description to: [email protected].



Consortium for Emergency Contraception
The Consortium for Emergency Contraception is an international collaboration among eight organizations committed to making a dedicated product for emergency contraception a standard part of reproductive health care around the world. Their website includes comprehensive information about ECPs, including common questions and answers, medical and service delivery guidelines, information on training for health professionals and developing local ECP programs, and information for clients. The site is available in English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish.

The Health Manager's Toolkit
The Health Manager's Toolkit is an collection of management tools designed by Management Sciences for Health. Topics include logistics, planning, and training. Tools are available online in a variety of formats.

JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) Women's Health Page: Contraception Information Center
This section of the American Medical Association site lists current full-text articles and news stories from JAMA, treatment guidelines, and patient resources related to contraception.

The Journal of the American Medical Women's Association (JAMWA)
The Journal has recently published a supplement on Emergency Contraception. This supplement is available online at

Global Reproductive Health Forum
The contraception section of this extensive site has over 25 links to organizations and publications as well as lists of listservs, bulletin boards, and online magazines about contraceptive issues. The site is designed by Harvard School of Public Health to promote networking and an exchange of perspectives on gender, rights, and reproductive health issues.

Institute for Reproductive Health, Georgetown University
The Institute for Reproductive Health, Georgetown University, conducts research, advances scientific information, and provides technical resources related to natural family planning and fertility awareness. Their website includes training tools, research updates, and publications that are provided at no cost to individuals and organizations in developing countries.

Media/Materials Clearinghouse - Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs JHU/CCP
The Media/Materials Clearinghouse (M/MC) is an international resource for health professionals who seek media or materials on family planning, reproductive health, and related issues. Based at the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs (JHU/CCP), the M/MC is funded by the United States Agency for International Development to improve the quality of reproductive health communication in developing countries.

PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health). Materials for Diverse Audiences.
These publications contain information on emergency contraception in 13 languages (Amharic, Arabic, Cambodian, Chinese, English, Haitian-Creole, Korean, Laotian, Portuguese, Russian, Somali, Spanish, and Vietnamese). There are two sets of materials: Emergency Contraception: It's Not Too Late To Prevent Pregnancy,a tri-fold brochure intended to increase people's awareness and provide a simple explanation of emergency contraception, when it is used, possible side effects, and where to get it; and Instructions for Use of Emergency Contraceptive Pills, which provides detailed information on different brands of oral contraceptives that can be used for emergency contraception, when and how to take the pills, the correct doses, and possible side effects. Both the brochures and instructions for use are prototype materials designed to be downloaded from the website and photocopied or adapted as needed.

Reproductive Health Technologies Project
This site provides valuable information about reproductive health issues including emergency contraception (providers, emergency contraception, media campaigns, free pamphlets and education materials), microbicide research, early abortion, IUDs, and advocacy for reproductive rights.

ReproLine: Reproductive Health Online
ReproLine offers specific information about contraceptive methods and also covers some other reproductive health topics, including family planning program issues. The site is designed and maintained by the JHPIEGO Corporation for use by teachers, trainers, and policy makers with a technical and/or clinical background who are involved in setting policy for service delivery systems. Of particular interest at this site is the online version of
Recommendations for Updating Selected Practices in Contraceptive Use: Results of a Technical Meeting (www.reproline.jhu.edu/english/6read/6multi/6tgwg/6tgwg.htm). This document was prepared by the Technical Guidance Working Group and may be reproduced or adapted to meet local needs without permission, provided that the Technical Guidance Working Group is acknowledged and the material is made available free of charge or at cost.

Reproductive Health and Rights Center Contraceptive Methods page
This page includes an extensive collection of links to sources of information on contraceptive methods, including their description, effectiveness, instructions, advantages, disadvantages. Most links are to university health services in the US.

SEATS II: Family Planning and Service Expansion and Technical Support Project
This USAID-funded project has made many full-text publications available online on issues pertaining to high-quality, client-centered, sustainable family planning and reproductive health services in developing countries. John Snow, the American College of Nurse Midwives, PATH, AVSC International, Initiatives, and World Education implement this project.

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Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI)
AGI produces numerous materials, including articles, brochures, and comprehensive information on contraception. Use the search feature to locate articles from International Family Planning Perspectives and other relevant material.

Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (ARHP)
ARHP is an interdisciplinary association of professionals who provide reproductive health services or education, conduct reproductive health research, or influence reproductive health policy in the United States. Their website includes patient-education materials about contraceptive choices, continuing medical-education information, and publications on many aspects of reproductive health. ARHP educational programs focus on family planning, contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, HIV/AIDS, menopause, sexuality, reproductive cancers, urogenital disorders, infertility, and abortion.

AVSC International
The contraception section of AVSC's Web site has excellent basic information about contraceptive methods and method choice. The publication page includes lists of medical and surgical guidelines with ordering information.

Center for Communication Programs, Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health
Very rich source for family planning and reproductive health information. The site hosts PopInform, The Media/Materials Clearinghouse (M/MC), Population Reports, Videoshare, NetLinks and ImageBase. It is also home to
Jim Shelton's "Pearls" which features a weekly response to commonly asked questions about family planning. www.jhuccp.org/pearls/index.stm

Contraceptive Research and Development Program (CONRAD)
CONRAD's primary objective is the development of new or improved contraceptive methods that are safe, effective, acceptable, and suitable for use in the US and developing countries. The site describes CONRAD's grant programs, lists workshops they have presented, and includes links to related sites.

Family Health International (FHI)
FHI works to improve reproductive health around the world, with an emphasis on developing countries. This site includes over one thousand full-text articles and other materials (books, reports, training materials) on family planning and contraceptive methods, making it one of the largest online collections on this topic. The
publications page (www.fhi.org/en/gen/pubs.html) lists issues of Network that focus on oral contraceptives, barrier methods, and IUDs. The site and its contents are available in English, Arabic, French, Russian, and Spanish.

International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF)
IPPF links national autonomous Family Planning Associations (FPAs) in over 150 countries worldwide. They are committed to promoting the right of women and men to decide freely the number and spacing of their children and the right to the highest possible level of sexual and reproductive health. Their Web site hosts the complete text of the IPPF Charter on Sexual and Reproductive Rights, as well as headline news and ordering information for their publications.

Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center Contraceptive Research and Programs
This clinical research program is investigating two new barrier methods of contraception (Lea's Shield® and Femcap®) and a single implant hormonal contraceptive (Implanon®).The site describes additional areas of research and provides contact information.

National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Contraception and Reproductive Health Branch
This branch of the NICHD d
evelops and supports research and research training programs in reproductive health, epidemiology and contraceptive technology. Their 1999 report (www.nichd.nih.gov/publications/pubs/coun_crh.htm) provides information about contraceptive research and development in the U.S., prevention of HIV/AIDS/STIs, research highlights, and future directions of contraceptive technology.

PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health) Reproductive Health Pages
This section of the PATH website includes links to family planning program descriptions and a wealth of information related to
Emergency Contraception (www.path.org/html/emergency_contraception.htm) and Increasing Women's Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills Through Direct Pharmacy Provision ( www.path.org/html/better_access_to_ecps.htm).

PATHFINDER International
Pathfinder works with institutions worldwide to improve access to good quality reproductive health information and services and to enable reproductive health choices. This site includes a range of publications, training protocols, and other useful information.

Planned Parenthood Federation of America
Planned Parenthood develops a variety of publications on sexual and reproductive health, contraception, and STDs for US readers. The Birth Control section describes contraceptive methods with a user focus.

Population Action International (PAI)
PAI advocates the expansion of voluntary family planning, other reproductive health services, and educational and economic opportunities for girls and women. This page lets readers order a wall chart on "Contraceptive Choice: Worldwide Access to Family Planning 1997." The chart highlights the progress countries have made in expanding access to contraception in recent years and shows how far many developing and some developed countries still need to go to make the full range of contraceptive options available.

The Population Council
The Population Council is an international, nonprofit, nongovernmental institution that carries out a range of reproductive health research and policy work worldwide. The Council provides many publications and working papers that are available through this site. The page on
contraceptives and other reproductive health products (www.popcouncil.org/rhpdev/contra97.html) describes ongoing contraceptive research. The Population Council's Mexico Project website (www.en3dias.org.mx/) provides information on ECPs in Spanish, and includes general information on ECPs, information by country, ECP news, instructions for correct condom use, links to other sites, a library, news, and regulatory updates.

United Nations Development Program/United Nations Population Fund/World Health Organization/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development & Research Training in Human Reproduction (WHO/HRP)
WHO/HRP is the major research arm of the WHO's overall reproductive health program. A wide selection of HRP's technical reports, newsletters, and annual reports are available full text online.

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is a multilateral organization working to improve reproductive health worldwide. The website includes publications and information related to numerous family planning and reproductive health issues.

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Contraceptive methods

Billings Ovulation Method of Natural Family Planning
The Billings Ovulation Method is based on observations of changes in cervical mucus secretion throughout a woman's menstrual cycle. By observing the presence or absence of cervical mucus, a woman can identify fertile and infertile times. This Australian site includes articles, charts, and instruction materials about the Billings method.

Cervical Cap Limited
This commercial site contains information about the cervical cap from its manufacturer.

Contraceptive Technology www.thriveonline.com/sex/contech/contraceptive.intro.html
Portions of the classic reference book, Contraceptive Technology, are published online here. Sections include Norplant, Depo-Provera, and progestin-only pills (minipills), combined oral contraceptives, and abstinence. The material is adapted from the 16th edition of Contraceptive Technology, by Robert Hatcher, James Trussell, Felicia Stewart, et al., and published by Irvington Publishers, Inc., New York, New York (1994).

DUREX Scientific on-line library
This commercial site contains a collection of full-text research articles on condoms.

Emergency Contraception Web Site
Maintained by the Office of Population Research at Princeton University, this site provides accurate information, based on the medical literature, about emergency contraception. It focuses on US service provision, but includes a page entitled
"Emergency Contraception Around the World" (http://opr.princeton.edu/ec/countries.html), which provides country-specific information on oral contraceptives that can be used for emergency contraception.

The Female Health Company
The Female Health Company manufactures and distributes the female condom. This site lists international distributors and public health partners, explains how to use the condom, provides updates on acceptability studies, and reports on social marketing efforts. It also includes instructions for use.

PATH (Program for Appropriate Technology in Health) Emergency Contraception pages
This section of the PATH web site contains links to many resources related to EC.

POPLINE SEARCH: Injectable Contraceptives
This site lists the abstracts of 30 articles on injectable contraceptives found in Johns Hopkins University's POPLINE. POPLINE (POPulation information onLINE) is a database of publications on population, family planning, and related health issues. It is produced by the Population Information Program at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health with funding from the US Agency for International Development. POPLINE in compact disc form is free for developing country organizations, as are specialized searches. Check this site for information on how to request other searches.

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