Cervical cancer library
General cervical cancer resources
10 Key Findings and Recommendations for Effective Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment Programs (2007)
Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP)
In early 2007, the ACCP partners met to assess newly-analyzed results of key studies in India, South Africa, Peru, and Thailand. These new data spurred the partners to outline ten key findings and recommendations for global policy and practice related to cervical cancer screening and treatment in low-resource settings.
- Download file (122 KB PDF)
- Download file, Español (84 KB PDF)
- Download file, Français (129 KB PDF)
- Download 4-page information sheet (145 KB PDF)
ACCP Strategies for Supporting Women With Cervical Cancer (2004)
Cervical Cancer Prevention Issues in Depth No. 2. ACCP.
This report provides an overview of issues relating to cancer treatment in developing countries, followed by descriptions of existing support for cancer patients. Also included are recommendations for the provision of basic assistance at the national or local level to women with cervical cancer.
- Download file, English (411 KB PDF)
- Download file, Español (414 KB PDF)
- Download file, Français (411 KB PDF)
An Approach to Formative Research in HPV Vaccine Introduction Planning in Low-Resource Settings (2009)
Bingham A, Janmohamed A, Bartolini R et al. The Open Vaccine Journal. 2009;2:1–16.
This paper describes the PATH HPV vaccine project formative research's conceptual framework; details applied methodology; summarizes field experience and challenges; and outlines best practices for formative research in vaccine introduction.
Assessing the Environment for Introduction of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine in India (2010)
Jacob M, Mawar N, Menezes L, et al. The Open Vaccine Journal. 2010;3:96–107.
This paper presents findings from a study conducted in 2007 and 2008 in two states in India: Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. The objectives of the study were to: design effective and appropriate HPV vaccine delivery systems for 10- to 14-year-old girls; design a communication strategy for HPV vaccine delivery; and devise an HPV vaccine advocacy strategy.
Cervical Cancer, Cervical Dysplasia, Genital Warts: The Pathogenesis and Clinical Outcomes of HPV Anogenital Infections (2006)
Sanofi Pasteur MSD
This six-minute animation shows how the human papillomavirus (HPV) infects human tissue and how disease progresses.
Cervical cancer issue briefs (2010)
Cervical Cancer Action
These issue briefs provide succinct analyses of the latest evidence and experience in cervical cancer prevention for developing countries. The briefs cover HPV vaccine safety, strategies for HPV vaccination in the developing world, and cervical cancer screening and treatment in low-resource settings. All three briefs are available in English, Spanish, and French.
Cervical Cancer Prevention Initiatives at PATH
Two decades of progress toward a world free of HPV-related cancers (2008)
PATH’s key areas of work in cervical cancer prevention are described in depth in this 12-page publication.
Cervical Cancer Prevention: Practical Experience Series from PATH (2011)
These documents summarize lessons learned from the PATH cervical cancer vaccine demonstration projects that can help guide future human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program planning, especially in low-resource settings around the globe.
Cervical cancer prevention and the Millennium Development Goals (2008)
Wittet S, Tsu V. Bulletin of the World Health Organization
This article explores how scaled-up cervical cancer prevention activities, including introduction of the new HPV vaccines and increased access to precancer screening and treatment, can contribute to attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.
Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Control: A guide to essential practice (2006)
World Health Organization (WHO)
This publication is designed to provide comprehensive practical advice to health care providers at all levels of the health care system on how to prevent, detect early, treat and palliate cervical cancer.
- Visit website
- Download file (5.8 MB PDF)
- Download file, Español (5.8 MB PDF)
- Download file, Français (4.4 MB PDF)
Comprehensive cervical cancer prevention and control: a healthier future for girls and women (2013)
This WHO Guidance Note advocates for a comprehensive approach to cervical cancer prevention and control and is aimed at senior policy makers and programme managers. It describes the need to deliver effective interventions across the female life course from childhood through to adulthood.
Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control: Programme Guidance for Countries (2011)
This guidance document is for UNFPA Country Offices and program managers in ministries of health and partner agencies who are developing or updating their cervical cancer prevention and control programmes.
- Download file (1 MB PDF)
- Download file, Arabic (1 MB PDF)
- Download file, Español (1.1 MB PDF)
- Download file, Français (1.5 MB PDF)
- Download file, Russian (1.1 MB PDF)
Conclusions From ACCP Clinical Research in Developing Countries (2004)
ACCP projects have focused on regions in which cervical cancer incidence and mortality are highest—sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and South Asia—and on reaching women in their 30s and 40s, since many women in these regions may be screened only once or twice in their lifetimes.
- Download file, English (88 KB PDF)
- Download file, Français (86 KB PDF)
- Download file, Español (86 KB PDF)
Delivering Cervical Cancer Prevention in the Developing World (2011)
This report includes profiles in increasing access to HPV vaccines and treatment from around the world, with country spotlights on Mexico, Thailand, Bolivia and Rwanda. All of these countries have made significant efforts to ensure that girls and women have information on and access to the services they need to detect, prevent and treat cervical cancer.
Global Guidance for Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control (2009)
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)
This guidance is intended as a focused update on cervical cancer prevention, screening and treatment strategies. It is intended to be complimentary to the World Health Organization's Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Control: A Guide to Essential Practice.
HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact Small Grants Program Final Report (2013)
This 13-page report summarizes the small grants component of the PATH HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project. The small grants program's purpose was to support efforts by in-country agencies to gather evidence that would improve access to cervical cancer prevention activities in their regions. Seven of the nine small grants awarded went to research projects, while two were given to enhance local capacity for providing secondary prevention activities.
Lessons learned from Peru and Uganda HPV vaccine demonstration projects
These reports summarize results from the HPV vaccination program implemented through the PATH HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project.
Outlook. Progress in preventing cervical cancer: Updated evidence on vaccination and screening (2010)
Murray M. Outlook. 2010;27(2). PATH.
This 12-page issue of Outlook provides an update on opportunities for preventing cervical cancer through vaccination and screening. It summarizes recent evidence on the safety and efficacy of human papillomavirus vaccines as well as successful approaches for screening and treatment in low-resource areas. Other topics include cost-effectiveness, communication and training, and implications for policy and programs.
Progress in Cervical Cancer Prevention: The CCA Report Card (2011)
Cervical Cancer Action
This report assesses global readiness to fight cervical cancer using new approaches and new technologies, especially in regions where the disease is a common killer. It underscores the urgent need for the global community to prioritize cervical cancer prevention and control on global health and development agendas.
- Download file (Low-resolution, 2.5 MB PDF)
- Download file (Medium-resolution, 5 MB PDF)
- Download file, Español (de baja resolución, 2.5 MB PDF)
- Download file, Español (de resolución media, 5 MB PDF)
PubMed article search: Cervical cancer in low-resource settings
National Center for Biotechnology Information (National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health)
This predefined search on cervical cancer and HPV contains the latest scientific journal citations and abstracts from the PUBMED database.
Regional Strategy and Plan of Action for Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control in Latin America and the Caribbean (2010)
Pan American Health Organization
In response to the high incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer in Latin American and the Caribbean, this 22-page document aims to fortify cervical cancer programs, promoting a comprehensive strategy to approach the natural history of the disease, from primary prevention and early detection to diagnosis, treatment and palliative care; stimulating the introduction of new technologies and approaches to improve the effectiveness of existing programs.
Shaping strategies to introduce HPV vaccines in India, Peru, Uganda, and Vietnam (2009)
These overviews summarize results from PATH's formative research on HPV and HPV vaccine in India, Peru, Uganda, and Vietnam. The research examined the health systems and policy context that will affect HPV vaccine introduction, as well as beliefs, values, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to HPV, cervical cancer, and vaccination.
Uganda Strategic Plan for Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control (2010)
Uganda Ministry of Health and PATH
This 55-page document describes the burden of cervical cancer at global, regional, and national levels, and examines the current strategies for cervical cancer control in Uganda. It also details the proposed strategies to achieve the set targets for cervical cancer control in Uganda based on World Health Organisation recommendations.
WHO/ICO Information Centre on HPV and Cervical Cancer
World Health Organization (WHO) and the Institut Català d’Oncologia
This website offers country-specific reports on cervical cancer burden of disease, prevalence of HPV infections, and related factors for cervical disease to evaluate prevention strategies.
WHO position paper on human papillomavirus vaccines (2009)
In accordance with its mandate to provide guidance to Member States on health policy matters, WHO issues a series of regularly updated position papers on vaccines and vaccine combinations against diseases that have an international public health impact. This paper has been reviewed by a number of experts within and outside WHO and has been endorsed by WHO’s Strategic Advisory Group of Experts on vaccines and immunization. The position paper begins on the second page of this issue of the WHO Weekly Epidemiological Record.
- Download file (270 KB PDF)
- Download file, Español (60 KB PDF)
- Download summary of key points, Español (130 KB PDF)
Women’s Stories, Women’s Lives: Experiences with Cervical Screening and Treatment (2004)
The stories in this collection illustrate the unnecessary suffering that cervical cancer can cause women and their families, and how prevention programs can save women’s lives.
- Download file, English (1.9 MB PDF)
- Download file, Español (1.4 MB PDF)
- Download file, Français (1.4 MB PDF)
Calendar of international cancer conferences
International Union Against Cancer
This site lists conferences addressing cancers of all types, and includes a link for posting events.
Cervical cancer and HPV resources
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The CDC cervical cancer web page contains extensive information for patients, including reducing the risk for cervical cancer, cervical cancer screening, and gynecologic cancer awareness. The HPV vaccine page offers overviews of HPV, cervical cancer, and the vaccine, as well as recommendations for the use of quadrivalent HPV vaccine and information about the Vaccines for Children program.
- Visit CDC cervical cancer web page
- Access CDC cervical cancer podcast
- Visit CDC HPV web page
- Visit CDC HPV vaccine question and answer page
- Download nine-page CDC HPV fact sheet (400 KB PDF)
Cervical cancer page
This is a comprehensive directory of cervical cancer resources. Information about other cancer types is also available.
Cervical cancer page
International Agency for Research on Cancer
This page features numerous training and research resources that explore the accuracy, reproducibility, efficacy, benefits, harmful effects, and cost-effectiveness of screening interventions for cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer page
United States National Cancer Institute
The United States National Cancer Institute's cervical cancer page offers in-depth information for both patients and health professionals on the topics of treatment, prevention, causes, and screening, as well as information on recent clinical trials, literature, and current statistics.
Cervical cancer resources
The INFO Project, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
This predefined search on the topic of cervical cancer includes a listing of over 640 resources.
Colposcopy and Treatment of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Beginner’s Manual (2003)
Sellors J, Sankaranarayanan R. IARC
This online manual is designed to equip health care providers with the necessary skills in detecting and treating cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, thereby preventing invasive cervical cancer in many women world-wide.
HPV, Cervical Cancer, and the New Vaccines
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
This web page provides in-depth coverage of cervical cancer, HPV disease, HPV vaccine, and issues related to vaccine implementation, costs, and public acceptability. Also included are listings of key data, policy research, webcasts/presentations, and key organizations.
Improving Screening Coverage Rates of Cervical Cancer Prevention Programs: A Focus on Communities (2004)
Cervical Cancer Prevention Issues in Depth No. 4. ACCP.
This paper describes the community focus taken by ACCP projects in eight countries. Included is an overview of the strategies used to increase screening coverage, and lessons learned about how to meet women’s needs effectively through a community focus.
National HPV and Cervical Cancer Prevention Resource Center
American Social Health Association
The site offers resources for national advocacy, hotline services, publications, support groups, and postdoctoral research.
OBG Management journal supplements
These two journal supplements offer extensive information on HPV and cervical cancer. Both supplements were sponsored by Merck & Co., Inc.
- New Options in HPV Prevention (2006). Download file (286 KB PDF)
- What You Need to Know About Cervical Cancer, Genital Warts, and HPV (2007). Download file (620 KB PDF)
Palliative Care for Women with Cervical Cancer: A Field Manual (2003)
This manual was developed for health care providers such as community nurses and medical doctors who care for women who are dying of advanced cervical cancer. The Kenya field manual is designed for visiting nurses or health facility-based nurses and physicians.
- Download file, English (794 KB PDF)
- Download Kenya field manual, English (820 KB PDF)
- Download file, Español (600 KB PDF) part 1 of 2
- Download file, Español (584 KB PDF) part 2 of 2
- Cervical Cancer: A Global Problem. Download file (535 KB PDF)
- Cervical Cancer: A Heavy Burden for the Developing World. Download file (251 KB PDF)
- HPV Vaccines: New Hope for Cervical Cancer Prevention. Download file (1.7 MB PDF)
Preventing Cervical Cancer Worldwide (2004)
Population Reference Bureau, ACCP
This 24-page report highlights the major findings, lessons, and recommendations from ACCP’s research and demonstration projects. ACCP has assessed and promoted prevention approaches that are inexpensive, safe, and widely acceptable. A four-page policy brief is also available. These reports were written before HPV vaccines became available in 2006.
- Download file, English (471 KB PDF)
- Download file, Español (380 KB PDF)
- Download file, Français (385 KB PDF)
- Download policy brief, English (284 KB PDF)
- Download policy brief, Français (284 KB PDF)
STD-Prevention Counseling Practices and Human Papillomavirus Opinions Among Clinicians with Adolescent Patients (2004)
US Centers for Disease Control. Morbidity and Morality Weekly Report. 2006;55(41):1117–1120.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation surveyed clinicians who provided adolescent primary care. Results indicated that most of the clinicians assessed STD risk in their adolescent patients, addressed STD prevention, and recommended various STD-prevention methods; however, clinician opinions varied regarding the effectiveness of methods for preventing HPV infection and whether their patients would adopt these methods for the long term.
What is the impact of cancer in your country?
WHO Global InfoBase Online
This interactive database provides information about the leading causes of cancer deaths in numerous countries. The latest figures are provided on the incidence of major types of cancer segregated by male and female, with more specific information on the major type of cancer affecting any particular country.
Worldwide cervical cancer issues
National Cervical Cancer Coalition
This page provides information on international cervical cancer rates, programs, and issues.
This page provides information about the cervical cancer vaccine, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as the epidemiology and history of the disease. Wikipedia is written collaboratively by volunteers from all around the world. With rare exceptions, its articles can be edited by anyone with access to the Internet.