Cervical cancer library

General cervical cancer resources

Featured resources

10 Key Findings and Recommendations for Effective Cervical Cancer Screening and Treatment Programs (2007)
Alliance for Cervical Cancer Prevention (ACCP)
In early 2007, the ACCP partners met to assess newly-analyzed results of key studies in India, South Africa, Peru, and Thailand. These new data spurred the partners to outline ten key findings and recommendations for global policy and practice related to cervical cancer screening and treatment in low-resource settings.

ACCP Strategies for Supporting Women With Cervical Cancer (2004)
Cervical Cancer Prevention Issues in Depth No. 2. ACCP.
This report provides an overview of issues relating to cancer treatment in developing countries, followed by descriptions of existing support for cancer patients. Also included are recommendations for the provision of basic assistance at the national or local level to women with cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer, Cervical Dysplasia, Genital Warts: The Pathogenesis and Clinical Outcomes of HPV Anogenital Infections (2006)
Sanofi Pasteur MSD
This six-minute animation shows how the human papillomavirus (HPV) infects human tissue and how disease progresses.

Cervical cancer issue briefs
Cervical Cancer Action
These issue briefs provide succinct analyses of the latest evidence and experience in cervical cancer prevention for low-resource settings. The briefs cover HPV vaccine safety, strategies for HPV vaccination in the developing world, and cervical cancer screening and treatment in low-resource settings. All three briefs are available in English, Spanish, and French.

Cervical Cancer Prevention at PATH: Two decades of progress toward a world free of HPV-related cancers
For over two decades, PATH has championed technical, systems, and policy innovations to reduce cervical cancer deaths among the world's poorest women. These publications describe PATH's contributions to advances in cervical cancer prevention and our continued work to expand access to evidence-based primary prevention, screening, and preventive treatment programs.

Cervical Cancer Prevention: Practical Experience Series from PATH (2011)
These documents summarize lessons learned from the PATH cervical cancer vaccine demonstration projects that can help guide future human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program planning, especially in low-resource settings around the globe.

Cervical cancer prevention and the Millennium Development Goals (2008)
Wittet S, Tsu V. Bulletin of the World Health Organization
This article explores how scaled-up cervical cancer prevention activities, including introduction of the new HPV vaccines and increased access to precancer screening and treatment, can contribute to attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.

Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Control: A guide to essential practice (2014)
World Health Organization (WHO)
This publication is designed to provide comprehensive practical advice to health care providers at all levels of the health care system on how to prevent, detect early, treat, and palliate cervical cancer.

Comprehensive cervical cancer prevention and control: a healthier future for girls and women (2013)
This WHO Guidance Note advocates for a comprehensive approach to cervical cancer prevention and control and is aimed at senior policy makers and programme managers. It describes the need to deliver effective interventions across the female life course from childhood through to adulthood.

Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control: Programme Guidance for Countries (2011)
This guidance document is for UNFPA Country Offices and program managers in ministries of health and partner agencies who are developing or updating their cervical cancer prevention and control programmes.

Delivering Cervical Cancer Prevention in the Developing World (2011)
Women Deliver
This report includes profiles in increasing access to HPV vaccines and treatment from around the world, with country spotlights on Mexico, Thailand, Bolivia and Rwanda. All of these countries have made significant efforts to ensure that girls and women have information on and access to the services they need to detect, prevent and treat cervical cancer.

Global Guidance for Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control (2009)
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO)
This guidance is intended as a focused update on cervical cancer prevention, screening and treatment strategies. It is intended to be complimentary to the World Health Organization's Comprehensive Cervical Cancer Control: A Guide to Essential Practice.

HPV Vaccine Communication: Special considerations for a unique vaccine (2016)
This document presents communication guidance and specific considerations for countries that plan to introduce human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine into their national immunization programs. It includes assessments of social mobilization and communication of HPV vaccine implementation in Latvia, Malaysia, and Rwanda as well as information from a gathering to review HPV vaccine communication issues.

HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact Small Grants Program Final Report (2013)
This 13-page report summarizes the small grants component of the PATH HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project. The small grants program's purpose was to support efforts by in-country agencies to gather evidence that would improve access to cervical cancer prevention activities in their regions. Seven of the nine small grants awarded went to research projects, while two were given to enhance local capacity for providing secondary prevention activities.

International Cancer Control Partnership portal
This portal is a web-based tool on cancer control planning and capacity-building, linked to non-communicable disease control and prevention.

KAP Survey on Cervical Cancer and HPV in Central America (2014)
Union for International Cancer Control
Findings from the first-ever Cervical Cancer and HPV knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) survey in Central America has been published. The study was conducted in El Salvador as part of Union for International Cancer Control's Cervical Cancer Initiative. Findings will assist the Salvadorian Ministry of Health to develop key communication strategies to support national cervical cancer prevention and control efforts and eventual roll-out of HPV vaccine in the country.

Lessons learned from Peru and Uganda HPV vaccine demonstration projects
These reports summarize results from the HPV vaccination program implemented through the PATH HPV Vaccines: Evidence for Impact project.

Outlook. Progress in preventing cervical cancer: Updated evidence on vaccination and screening (2010)
Murray M. Outlook. 2010;27(2). PATH.
This 12-page issue of Outlook provides an update on opportunities for preventing cervical cancer through vaccination and screening. It summarizes recent evidence on the safety and efficacy of human papillomavirus vaccines as well as successful approaches for screening and treatment in low-resource areas. Other topics include cost-effectiveness, communication and training, and implications for policy and programs.

Progress in Cervical Cancer Prevention: The CCA Report Card (2012)
Cervical Cancer Action
This report assesses global readiness to fight cervical cancer using new approaches and new technologies, especially in regions where the disease is a common killer. It underscores the urgent need for the global community to prioritize cervical cancer prevention and control on global health and development agendas.

PubMed article search: Cervical cancer in low-resource settings
National Center for Biotechnology Information (National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health)
This predefined search on cervical cancer and HPV contains the latest scientific journal citations and abstracts from the PUBMED database.

Regional Strategy and Plan of Action for Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control in Latin America and the Caribbean (2010)
Pan American Health Organization
In response to the high incidence and mortality rates of cervical cancer in Latin American and the Caribbean, this 22-page document aims to fortify cervical cancer programs, promoting a comprehensive strategy to approach the natural history of the disease, from primary prevention and early detection to diagnosis, treatment and palliative care; stimulating the introduction of new technologies and approaches to improve the effectiveness of existing programs.

Report on Cervical Cancer Activity in Kenya (2015)
American Cancer Society
This report was prepared for the American Cancer Society's Global Cancer Prevention Unit through a literature review, interviews, and email with governmental and nongovernmental organizations active in cervical cancer activity in Kenya. The purpose of the assignment was to inform internal strategic planning.

Saving the World's Women from Cervical Cancer (2016)
Tsu V, Jerónimo J. New England Journal of Medicine
By focusing on implementing sustainable, population-based screening on a national scale, rather than establishing limited pilot efforts based on unrealistic strategies and unsuitable technology such as Pap smears, we believe that LMICs can change the current pattern, leapfrog old technologies, ensure equitable access for rural and poor women, and reduce related mortality by half. Countries that can afford to do more than implement this basic approach, such as screening more than once or screening older women, can expect even greater disease reduction.

Scale-Up project fact sheet (2015)
The PATH Scale-Up project seeks to reduce cervical cancer incidence through improved and expanded screening using HPV testing.

Shaping strategies to introduce HPV vaccines in India, Peru, Uganda, and Vietnam (2009)
These overviews summarize results from PATH's formative research on HPV and HPV vaccine in India, Peru, Uganda, and Vietnam. The research examined the health systems and policy context that will affect HPV vaccine introduction, as well as beliefs, values, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors related to HPV, cervical cancer, and vaccination.

Uganda Strategic Plan for Cervical Cancer Prevention and Control (2010)
Uganda Ministry of Health and PATH
This 55-page document describes the burden of cervical cancer at global, regional, and national levels, and examines the current strategies for cervical cancer control in Uganda. It also details the proposed strategies to achieve the set targets for cervical cancer control in Uganda based on World Health Organisation recommendations.

Information Centre on HPV and Cervical Cancer
Institut Català d’Oncologia
This website offers country-specific reports on cervical cancer burden of disease, prevalence of HPV infections, and related factors for cervical disease to evaluate prevention strategies.

WHO position paper on human papillomavirus vaccines (2014)
In accordance with its mandate to provide guidance to Member States on health policy matters, WHO issues regularly updated position papers on vaccines and vaccine combinations against diseases that have an international public health impact. This position paper on HPV vaccines includes official endorsement of a two-dose vaccination schedule for girls under 15 years. Available in French and English.

General cervical cancer resources

Cervical cancer and HPV resources
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The CDC cervical cancer web page contains extensive information for patients, including reducing the risk for cervical cancer, cervical cancer screening, and gynecologic cancer awareness. The HPV vaccine page offers overviews of HPV, cervical cancer, and the vaccine, as well as recommendations for the use of quadrivalent HPV vaccine and information about the Vaccines for Children program.

Cervical cancer page
This is a comprehensive directory of cervical cancer resources. Information about other cancer types is also available.

Cervical cancer page
International Agency for Research on Cancer
This page features numerous training and research resources that explore the accuracy, reproducibility, efficacy, benefits, harmful effects, and cost-effectiveness of screening interventions for cervical cancer.

Cervical cancer page
United States National Cancer Institute
The United States National Cancer Institute's cervical cancer page offers in-depth information for both patients and health professionals on the topics of treatment, prevention, causes, and screening, as well as information on recent clinical trials, literature, and current statistics.

Cervical cancer resources
The INFO Project, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
This predefined search on the topic of cervical cancer includes a listing of over 640 resources.

Colposcopy and Treatment of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A Beginner’s Manual (2003)
Sellors J, Sankaranarayanan R. IARC
This online manual is designed to equip health care providers with the necessary skills in detecting and treating cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, thereby preventing invasive cervical cancer in many women world-wide.

HPV, Cervical Cancer, and the New Vaccines
The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation
This web page provides in-depth coverage of cervical cancer, HPV disease, HPV vaccine, and issues related to vaccine implementation, costs, and public acceptability. Also included are listings of key data, policy research, webcasts/presentations, and key organizations.

Improving Screening Coverage Rates of Cervical Cancer Prevention Programs: A Focus on Communities (2004)
Cervical Cancer Prevention Issues in Depth No. 4. ACCP.
This paper describes the community focus taken by ACCP projects in eight countries. Included is an overview of the strategies used to increase screening coverage, and lessons learned about how to meet women’s needs effectively through a community focus.

National HPV and Cervical Cancer Prevention Resource Center
American Social Health Association
The site offers resources for national advocacy, hotline services, publications, support groups, and postdoctoral research.

New, Molecular Cervical Cancer Screening Technologies: Results from PATH's START-UP Project
This brief describes two HPV screening methods developed and tested by PATH for low-resource settings: the careHPV™ DNA test and the OncoE6™ cervical test.

Palliative Care for Women with Cervical Cancer: A Field Manual (2003)
PATH, EngenderHealth
This manual was developed for health care providers such as community nurses and medical doctors who care for women who are dying of advanced cervical cancer. The Kenya field manual is designed for visiting nurses or health facility-based nurses and physicians.

PATH cervical cancer posters (2007)
These three posters illustrate the burden of cervical cancer worldwide as well as opportunities for prevention.

Cervical cancer
This page provides information about the cervical cancer vaccine, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment, as well as the epidemiology and history of the disease. Wikipedia is written collaboratively by volunteers from all around the world. With rare exceptions, its articles can be edited by anyone with access to the Internet.